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Buspirone (Buspar) is a new anti-anxiety medication that is the first of a new class.
The benzodiazepine can sometimes unleash otherwise inhibited violent behavior. This seems to be a particular problems with triazolam (Halcion) and the other short acting drugs, and a particular problem with older consumers who might already have some memory impairment. It has been suggested that these drugs might increase birth defects when taken by pregnant women. As an antianxiety medication, diazepam (Valium) is commonly prescribed in 5 or 10 mg tablets up to 40 mg/day. When alprazolam (Xanax) is used as an antianxiety medication a typical dose range would be 1-4 mg/day given in divided doses.The benzodiazepines have largely supplanted older drugs in this class such as the barbiturates.This class of medication includes diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), alprazolam (Xanax), flurazepam (Dalmane) and many others.Abruptly stopping the use of meds in someone who is addicted to alcohol, barbiturates, or diazepam (Valium) can result in a life threatening convulsions.If addiction to any of these drugs is a possibility in a consumer, meds for a gradual detoxification should be prescribed, and hospital admission may be necessary to control drug use. diphenhydramine [Benadryl]) are subject to abuse, but are not physiologically addicting and are not cross tolerant with the others. diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), alprazolam (Xanax), flurazepam (Dalmane): The usual drug of choice when a minor tranquilizer is indicated is one of the drugs in this class. Clinical indication: The benzodiazepines are most commonly used as antianxiety medications.Sedating antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) can also be used as either an antianxiety medication or as a sleeping pill, although it is less effective and has more side effects than the benzodiazepines.
The major difference between whether a benzodiazepine is considered to be a tranquilizer or sleeping pill is how it is marketed and advertised.At times, someone who is used to chronically having a high blood alcohol level can go into withdrawal while they still have alcohol in their blood, as long as the blood alcohol level is significantly less than what they have become tolerant too.These people can be in in active withdrawal despite the presence of alcohol in their blood, and a benzodiazepine may be indicated to treat this withdrawal. In an acutely out of control consumer for whom a good history and diagnosis is not available who must be controlled with drugs (for whom restraints are not enough for some reason) and who might be using street drugs, diazepam 10-20 mg P. may be safer than Thorazine (start low and work up if that is possible).If a consumer must be sedated (in those very rare instances) before you know what is going on in a new consumer who might have amphetamines or other street drugs on board, a benzodiazepine such as diazepam or lorazepam may be a safer drug to give than an antipsychotic medication such as Thorazine or Haldol. alprazolam [Xanax] and clonazepam [Klonopin]) have antipanic and mood stabilizing properties. All of the benzodiazepines are clearly addictive, but to put things into perspective diazepam (Valium) is less addicting and certainly less dangerous than alcohol. alprazolam, Xanax) are more addicting than the longer acting drugs in the same class.As with all medications, the benzodiazepines should not be used without a reason and should not be continued without a reason for continuation. Drugs with a "kick" caused by their rapid onset of action such as Valium seem somewhat more subject to abuse than drugs with a more gradual onset such as Librium.Buspiron (Bu Spar) seems to be neither subject to abuse nor addicting. They are relatively safe drug that are difficult (but possible) to kill yourself with unless combined with alcohol.