Dating service cairo egypt
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However, the origins of the modern city are generally traced back to a series of settlements in the first millennium.Around the turn of the 4th century, the Romans established a fortress town along the east bank of the Nile.
In 1250 slave soldiers, known as the Mamluks, seized control of Egypt and like many of their predecessors established Cairo as the capital of their new dynasty.
However Fustat remained the capital, until 1168, when the then vizier of al Qahira transferred his government there and had Fustat destroyed by fire.
As Qahira expanded these earlier settlements were encompassed, and have since become part of the city of Cairo as it expanded and spread; they are now collectively known as "Old Cairo".
This was known as al-Askar (the city of sections, or cantonments) as it was laid out like a military camp.
A rebellion in 869 by Ahmad ibn Tulun led to the abandonment of Al Askar and the building of another settlement, which became the seat of government.
It took four years for Jawhar to build the city, initially known as al-Manṣūriyyah, which was to serve as the new capital of the caliphate.
During that time, Jawhar also commissioned the construction of the al-Azhar Mosque, which developed into the third-oldest university in the world.
Cairo would eventually become a centre of learning, with the library of Cairo containing hundreds of thousands of books.
For nearly 200 years after Cairo was established, the administrative centre of Egypt remained in Fustat.
The ancient Egyptian name for the area is thought to be Khere-Ohe, "The Place of Combat", supposedly in reference to a mythical battle that took place between Seth and Horus.
The area around present-day Cairo, especially Memphis, had long been a focal point of Ancient Egypt due to its strategic location just upstream from the Nile Delta.
In 905 the Abbasids re-asserted control of the country and their governor returned to Fustat, razing al Qattai to the ground.