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The Federal Capital Territory (later renamed the Australian Capital Territory) was formed in 1911 as the location for the future federal capital of Canberra.Melbourne was the temporary seat of government from 1901 to 1927 while Canberra was being constructed.
Eastern Australia is marked by the Great Dividing Range, which runs parallel to the coast of Queensland, New South Wales and much of Victoria.
After World War II Australia encouraged immigration from mainland Europe.
Since the 1970s and following the abolition of the White Australia policy, immigration from Asia and elsewhere was also promoted.
The northernmost point of the east coast is the tropical-rainforested Cape York Peninsula.
At the north-west corner of the continent are the sandstone cliffs and gorges of The Kimberley, and below that the Pilbara.
A government policy of "assimilation" beginning with the Aboriginal Protection Act 1869 resulted in the removal of many Aboriginal children from their families and communities—often referred to as the Stolen Generations—a practice which may also have contributed to the decline in the indigenous population.
Traditional ownership of land ("native title"), was not recognised until 1992 when the High Court of Australia held in Mabo v Queensland (No 2) that the legal doctrine that Australia had been terra nullius ("land belonging to no one") did not apply to Australia at the time of British settlement.Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney.For about 50,000 years After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788.To the south of these and inland, lie more areas of grassland: the Ord Victoria Plain and the Western Australian Mulga shrublands.At the heart of the country are the uplands of central Australia.The West End Premier Cricket competition has a rich and diverse history dating back to 1897.